Friday, May 19, 2017

A Story of Trees: Вода жизни

          Think about what influences water preservation in the world? I mean, really think about what that looks like. OK, you have it? Now, tell me, what kind of tree did you imagine? I am going to take a wild guess and presume that a tree did not come to mind. I don’t blame you, a lot of other things come to mind when we consider what it takes to save water. However, trees play an integral role in the water preservation effort. So, what exactly do trees do for the water I drink? As it turns out, trees play a pivotal role in the hydrologic cycle which filters water, prevents floods, keeps a constant water supply and even keeps our soil from eroding [3]. Further, watersheds depend on the forest to maintain a homeostatic value of the surrounding ecosystem by providing soil stabilization and shelter for native fauna. While it is clear that forests provide important services for humans and animals, there have been dramatic deforestations events in the past few years. You could possibly imagine that we could simply create systems that could accomplish the aforementioned tasks, but this could prove to be incredibly more costly than simply investing in the existing natural infrastructure [3].
           Alright, so if this is the case who is the most affected? I had always imagined that Brazil (with the amazon forest) was facing these challenges most presently. According to the most present data from the World Forest Watch (the diagram below), Russia actually is the hardest hit from deforestation challenges [1]. While forestry provides only 0.8% of the country's GPD, the potential cost associated with deforestation could prove to be catastrophic [1]. Maybe, you're thinking, well that's Russia, how does that effect me? As you can see in the rankings, we don't fall that far behind. In fact, Russia, China, and the United States are all within the top ten countries who are experiencing significant forest degradation. This is all to say that as Russia loses Switzerland's worth of forest (about 40.9 million hectares), they could be potentially facing serious and preventable problems that are expressed economically and environmentally. The effects that deforestation will have on water and the global climate are already taking shape in the form of droughts and increasingly hotter fires [2]. It is then our responsibility to consider serious policy change when it comes the way we think about trees. We can have a real impact in shaping this global conversation with your vote. While politicized, water should be a fundamental right for every human being. Trees are in effect the source of life around the world, so what will you do? 




References
[1] Institute, W. (2017). Russia | Global Forest Watch. Globalforestwatch.org. Retrieved 15 May 2017, from http://www.globalforestwatch.org/country/RUS

[2] Russia Lost Forest The Size Of Switzerland Three Years In A Row. (2015). ThinkProgress. Retrieved 10 May 2017, from https://thinkprogress.org/russia-lost-forest-the-size-of-switzerland-three-years-in-a-row-2d542972109a

[3] Watersheds Lost Up to 22% of Their Forests in 14 Years. Here’s How it Affects Your Water Supply « Global Forest Watch. (2016). Blog.globalforestwatch.org. Retrieved 14 May 2017, from http://blog.globalforestwatch.org/data/watersheds-lost-up-to-22-of-their-forests-in-14-years-heres-how-it-affects-your-water-supply.html

Tuesday, May 16, 2017

Plastic Water Bottle

Plastic Water Bottle affects the Environment, plastic bottles were created with a petroleum production are known as polyethylene terephthalate and the usage of the requirement of amount of fossil fuels is the creation of transportation for them. In the late 1900's the United States of America held the title of the worlds largest exporter for oil, but as time goes on we are the largest importer.  A plastic bottle is filled up with liquid so it is nearly 25% of 100 full of oil to create the bottle. It is more difficult to recycle plastic bottle than people give the idea. The alarming amount of massage numbers of last bottle is nearly consumed through the entire world, and nearly almost all of them are not recycled due to the fact of the plastic bottles that are being recycled.

The blame of the reason of the plastic bottle is the United States Of America, is the largest consumer market for bottled plastic water in the entire world, second place is Mexico, third place Brazil and fourth place is China.

How much water do we waste per day?

How much does a human individual waste water per day? A leaky water faucet will lose a little bit more than 10 gallons of water. We human use an alarming amount of water, for watering our yard, taking long showers, doing chores like dishes, and flushing toilet also including drinking water! It has been research has proven from Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) water leaking may cause to waste over 10,000 water per year! The way to fix this problem is the easiest problem less use of water  a reduction.
For example, drinkable water is used to wash down for toilet water. Reducing the water use from 3 gallons per day to less uses, that 3 gallons of water is being used just to flush down a toilet. Replacement of older toilets for new and improved toilets, that being said newer toilets use about 1 gallon of water improving from 3 gallons. This is just one example, if we take into account, hand/face washing, teeth brushing, laundry taking into examples.

Sunday, May 14, 2017

Peru: Just a Vacation Destination?


Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu - Facts

Peru is one of the most popular travel destinations featuring the beauties of Machu Picchu. Though it beams gorgeous scenery, Peru is not just a vacation destination. Rural Peru is in desperate need for clean water and basic sanitation needs such as toilets. Imagine life without a toilet? 


Rural PeruWater Crisis


In the world today, 2.5 billion people are without an adequate toilet and rural areas account for 80% of those lacking access to clean water. Proper sewage systems are necessary for preventing communicable disease, clean drinking water, and access to sanitation. 10% of the global disease burden could be reduced with improved sanitation.




Rose George expresses the global scarcity of sanitation and the need for toilets in her soft-humored Ted Talks:
video




To learn more about Peru and how you can help, click HERE and don’t forget to check out the latest water sanitation devices HERE.