Puralytics - Creating a Better Tomorrow

Located in Hillsboro, OR, Puralytics is a water purification equipment company, having developed a photochemical water purification process (patented) which harnesses light either through the sun or LED's to activate an advanced nanotechnology coated mesh.

Currently, Puralytics offers two products that are as unique and they are impactful: The SolarBag, and the Shield.

The SolarBag, best defined by the Puralytics media kit, is "a sunlight-activated reusable water purifier that destroys or reduces the broadest range of contaminants without pumping, electricity, chemicals or replaceable components. Simply place the SolarBag in the sun for a few hours, and enjoy safe water. Through solar-activated nanotechnology, the SolarBag offers the broadest contaminant treatment of any portable water purifier."

Click HERE to see the Puralytics SolarBag in action!

The Shield 1500 (recently launched earlier this summer) achieves advanced disinfection and detoxification with improved aesthetics. Pathogens (bacteria, virus, protozoa) are sterilized and many types of unwanted organic compounds are broken down.

Click HERE to see the Shield (1000) in action!

With over a decade's worth of both experience and credentials, as well as over 13 top prized awards (including recognition from Inc Magazine, ImagineH2O, Global Cleantech, Zino Green Fund, etc), Puralytics has continued to show why they not only set the bar as it pertains to sustainability, but also doing so with application's that are both easy to use, and cost effective.

Constantly inventing as well as innovating, Puralytics reminds us that new and unique efforts are constantly working towards an overall goal that not only protects our water, but efforts that protect our planet as well.

Want to learn more about the advancements and efforts of Puralytics? Click HERE and you will be designated to their website.

  Image result for puralytics
(image by: Puralytics.com)

Cleaning America’s Dirtiest Water Way with Plant Island

The Gowanus Canal is located Brooklyn, Kings Country, New York. The canal was built in the mid-1800s and was used as a major industrial transportation route for paper mills, tanneries and chemical plants. As a result, the companies that operated up and down the 100-foot wide, 1.8 mile long canal, poured their waste into it. Besides harmful chemicals and toxins being poured into the canal overflows from sewer systems and rainwater storm drains also rain off into the canal. Leading to extreme levels of contaminants such as, polycyclic aromatic and metals such as, lead and copper. Making this canal one of the dirtiest body of waters in all of the United States. 
In 2015, a unique project was launched to help clean up the Gowanus Canal by landscape architect and urban designer Diana Balmori. The project is called “GrowOnUs” and is a floating island that will be place on the canal dirty waters. This floating island is made up of 19 plants living in metal culvert pipes filled with plastic bottles. The structure is made up of bamboo, woody plant material, water hyacinth rope, shredded plastic, coconut matting and oak cork. This material that makes up this island, will soak up and collect the dirty water to purify it in the reservoir underneath. Floating islands like the one found in this canal serve as a model of the interface and transitions between the river and the overall landscape of the city.  



Great Pacific Garbage Patch

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In the middle of the North Pacific Ocean there there is a great big garbage patch among all of the Ocean life. The debris is mostly made up of plastic  debris and the United States of America shares in the responsibility of this mess.I consider this littering and many people are responsible for the effects the trash islands are having on the Ocean inhabitants and the contaminants from the marine debris. 

Some alarming facts about the Garbage patch: 

  • Size 7.7 million square miles 
  • 70% of the debris is actually under water 
  • 80% of the marine debris come from Land based Activities on North America and Asia 
  • 705,000 fishing net debris!
  • Most of the debris is plastic water bottles , caps, bags and Styrofoam cups
What this does to the local ecosystem & People 
  • Killing & endangering the health of every sea animal in or near the effected area 
  • Contamination of seafood we consume 
  • Toxins release in to Ocean from plastics 

Image result for great pacific garbage patch turtle

How Do Production Systems Affect Our Water?

Our popular production systems defy the practice of the natural world by moving from product to waste rather than mimicking nature’s closed-loop systems. Nature does not believe in waste. In nature, byproducts are resources.

Can we emulate nature and separate ourselves from the concept of waste in order to save our water?

Matter is neither created nor destroyed. When we “dispose” of our waste, we are not disposing of anything—we are adopting an out of sight out of mind mentality to convince ourselves that we are relieved of a problem. But that “waste problem” only creates larger problems when we “dispose” of byproducts rather than recognizing their potential.

Our careless disposal of byproducts pollutes the water we drink and the air we breathe. Because we choose to see waste as gross and useless rather than valuable, we misuse immense potential and energy. Waste is an incredible resource that we need to tap. 

Waste itself means to use carelessly, extravagantly, or without purpose. It is funny how accurately we’ve labeled our byproducts without noticing the irony. Waste by definition means squandered opportunity.

Our linear water systems are incredibly inefficient. Agriculture uses 70 percent of our freshwater, yet only 40 percent of that water actually reaches plants. Leaky pipes result in the loss of huge amounts of water before it ever reaches the intended destination. In Mexico City alone, water loss from bad pipes is enough to supply all of Rome.

By recognizing the huge potential that exists in our byproducts and in reducing our inefficiencies, we take advantage of an incredible amount of energy and resource. Circular systems are regenerative—they slow, close, and narrow material and energy loops. The byproducts of one process are captured and reused, greatly reducing energy and resource usage.

Linear systems take resources, make products, and dispose of waste without utilizing the huge capital and potential that exists in process byproduct. Linear systems fail to recognize that resources are finite, and they fail to recognize the huge economic and environmental potential in their byproducts.

We can take advantage of closed loop innovation and technology to tap into the huge amount of capital that exists in our “waste” water. The nutrients and contents in wastewater can be mined to build products. A project in Brussels, Belgium extracts matter from wastewater to make plastic. Singapore is able to clean wastewater so well that it circulates back into its water source. Mission Industry Laundry in Las Vegas, Nevada uses an in house water treatment system that recycles water from the initial washing cycle to use in the rinse cycle. Their innovation has reduced their water usage by 30% and they’ve been able to pay back the cost of the $800,000 water treatment system in two years.

While systems like this are not entirely closed-loop, they represent important steps towards production systems that eliminate the concept of waste. Waste has an awful connotation—dirty, gross, useless, untouchable. But when we change the way we look at waste and we recognize the capital and potential for energy saving and material creation, we can change the way we operate in relation to our resources. We can mimic nature by choosing a perspective that recognizes the value and potential in everything.

What do you think of closed-loop versus linear production systems? Would you like to see a transition away from linear systems and towards circular systems? How do you think a change in production might benefit our world? Share your thoughts in the comments below! 

Our project is working in harmony with water.org to provide access to safe water. We hope “to break the cycle of poverty”, “to protect and save lives”, and “to make a bright future possible for all”: Make A Difference Donation


America's Failing Water Infrastructure

America has one of the best rates of people with access to drinking water compared to under developed countries. However the United States of America's drinking  water infrastructure is failing. This is evident in current events happening across the US. From the Flint water crisis where city officials chose to redirect the water supply due to failing infrastructure causing their community to be contaminated with unsafe drinking water. Putting the health of many at risk.  To Portland, Oregon on the other side of the Country where almost all of the school buildings apart of Portland Public Schools were found to have high levels of lead in their drinking water. 

According to the 2017 Infrastructure the majority of US water pipes were laid in the early to mid 20th century. 
Also included in the report:

It is only going to get worse, we must act now. 

Some actions we can all take:
  • Calling, or writing your local city and state representatives. 
  • Testing your own water supply with at home kit. 
  • Doing research and asking questions about your children's school water supply.

2017 Infrastructure Report Card Retrieved from http://www.infrastructurereportcard.org/cat-item/drinking-water/
Photo Credit: http://subrealism.blogspot.com/2010/11/can-we-save-americas-crumbling-water.html

Taking Action: You Can Too

              Water Pollution has been happening since the beginning of human history, affecting people all around the world. Actions have been made to decrease and prevent water pollution.

              In Indonesia, UNICEF initiated Aksi Nasional Tinju Tinja (National Action for Tinju Tinja). Tinju Tinja means “punch the poo” in Indonesian. It is an online platform to create awareness on the issue of water pollution and hopefully to create an open defecation – free country for Indonesia.

              There are many ways you can participate in this action. Go to http://www.tinjutinja.com, take a pledge, volunteer, or simply share the information! Creating awareness about this cause is the most important easiest thing you can do to help! 

              Also if you feel like you want to help more than just one country, visit water.org and donate!


Understanding Your Nonprofit Organization

In an age with so many charitable non-profit organizations out there, it's important to be able to understand how your nonprofit of choice is using the money that you donate to them. After all, the last thing you want is to have your hard earned donation funds being used just to fatten up the bank accounts of a bunch of executives and management. So how can you check to make sure your charity of choice is maximizing how your donations are being used?

Check Your Charity's Annual Financial Report

Every non-profit organization is required to make their financial reports publicly available, and you can usually find it on their website. For example, on our partner site Water.org, you can easily find their financial reports under the About Us menu. You can then download a complete financial report for the year of 2016 as a pdf, which will show you all of their earnings and expenses, with breakdowns of how their money was spent and how effectively it was used. 

Here's what you should be looking for:
  • Allocation of Expenses: How much of its donations is your charity spending on its stated mission? Generally you want to see at least 80% of a charity's donation revenue being spent on its mission.
  • Impact: How many people have been reached and helped by this charity, and who are they? What demographics and locations are being helped? Also is that help sustainable or short term?
  • Efficiency: How well are the donations being spent? Are they being used for the maximum amount of benefit? 

Check your Charity's Rating on Third Party Sites

Sometimes it's good to get a 2nd opinion from an impartial source, and there are many websites out there that can tell you objectively how well and how much good a charity is doing with its donations. Here are some great websites you can use to help you evaluate your prospective charities.
  • https://www.charitynavigator.org/
  • https://www.charitywatch.org/home
  • http://www.givewell.org/

Being equipped to critically evaluate the recipients of your prospective donations is extremely important. Water.org is an organization that meets up to all of these standards to the highest degree. For every dollar the receive in donations, 83 cents is put into fulfilling their mission of bringing clean water to the most vulnerable populations in the world. They are able to do this extremely efficiently by using their funds to create innovative investment opportunities with private firms that allows them to make a larger impact with a small amount of money through private partnership and innovative solutions, such as microloans and microfinance through their WaterCredit program. 

Just take a look at Water.org's credentials for yourself, by making a donation you will be helping give millions of people around the world access to safe and clean drinking water through innovative thinking and sustainable means. 

The Benefits of a Yearly Water Innovation Summit

Every year for the last 4 years, the European Innovation Partnership on water holds a water innovation summit in the European Union, where hundreds of policy makers, government leaders, engineers, scientists, tech companies, industry leaders, financiers, city planners, and journalists come together to present and discuss new innovations in water quality improvement. Groups present on the most cutting edge findings and innovations within the realm of water quality improvement and also discuss how to break down barriers to innovation.

The presentations and discussions from these summits are posted online for all to benefit from. When so many great minds in a single field come together to network and coordinate with each other in such a public way, everyone benefits and gets a chance to implement these innovations into their own water quality endeavors.

This year's water innovation summit will be held during the week of September 25, 2017 in the city of Porto, Portugal. Videos from last years water innovation summit can be found online at https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC2CsJLwurR8ZrJ_DUIlq0fA.

Accountability Within the Global Community

In 1991, the newly formed European Union issued its Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive, a set of regulations for all member states aimed at standardizing drinking water quality across the Europe over the next 15 years. All member countries were given a timeline for bringing their wastewater management services up to certain standards, and had to make wastewater treatment facilities available for certain population levels every 7 years for the next 14 years. This represented a shift in the EU's philosophy from only legislating water quality at its end point of use to legislating for increased water quality at its source. In 1998, the EU released another water quality directive that drinking water in member states must meet a set of strict safety requirements including bacteria and mineral levels as well as specifying the methods to be used to test these levels and were applied immediately to all member states. States that were able to meet the standards would continue to receive financial support from the EU for their water infrastructure needs, while states that did would face legal action and censure, creating a stick and carrot incentives system.

These directives spurred member states whose water was not up standards into action. Portugal's water quality was still in bad shape after the fall of its dictatorship government less than 20 years earlier, and was already struggling to improve its water quality and kicked its current efforts into overdrive in order to meet the standards set out by the new directives. Portugal created a public holdings company, Aguas de Portugal, to take on the task of coordinating its many small and disparate municipalities that separately managed water quality treatment for their parts of the country. Up until then, the municipalities had been too small and disorganized to coordinate with each other to modernize their water treatment facilities, but Aguas de Portugal was able to give them the incentives and leadership needed to begin working together to pool their resources and vastly improve their water treatment facilities. It was a long and difficult process that initially did not meet the timetable set out by the EU's directive, but thanks to support and discipline brought by the EU as well as the country's own innovation, Portugal now has drinking water quality that meets and usually exceeds EU standards and is well on their way to exceptional water quality in its local lakes and rivers.

By being held accountable to a larger global community, countries that would otherwise struggle for decades to improve their water quality may find the motivation they needed to make the hard push required to bring water quality improvements to their country within an acceptable timeline.

Facts Of Water Pollution

Water pollution is defined as a contamination of water bodies such as lakes, rivers, and groundwater. Water pollution occurs when water bodies start to degrade due to pollutants that are directly or indirectly put into these different water bodies without the proper treatment to remove any harmful or deadly compounds found within them. This type of pollution can happen for a verity of different natural and economic reasons, such as, leaking underground storage tanks, an abandoned wells, leaking sewage systems, and oil spills. Water pollution is a global issues, from first to third world countries. According to a UN report, every day 2 million tons of sewage and industrial agricultural waste are discharged into the world’s water. Each year 1.2 trillion gallons of untreated sewage, stormwater, and industrial waste are dumped into American waters. Also, about 10% of American beaches fail to meet the federal benchmark for what constitutes safe swimming water. In developing countries, it has been reported that 70% of industrial wastes are dumped untreated into waters that contain the usable water supply for that particular country. How does water pollution affect humans and animals who may be forced to consume or use polluted water on a daily bases? According to health regulations being exposed to polluted water does not immediately effect ones health but is very harmful after long term exposure. 


America's Water Crisis: Keeping You and Your Community Safe

In 2014 the city of Flint, Michigan changed the city’s drinking water source to the Flint River. In turn exposing over 100,000 residents to high levels of lead and by January of 2016 all residents of Flint were told to only use bottled or filleted water for all daily uses. The city has advised their residents to continue this practice until all the lead pipes in the water ways have been completely replaced as soon as 2020. When this crisis first became public many Americans were shocked that in their country such a crisis could occur, creating a national debate about safe drinking water and water treatment. Water treatment quickly became on the minds of most Americans leading to safe water practices and treatments. The federal government pledged more than $5 billion to improve water accessibility and quality across the United States. The Environmental Protection Agency reported that only nine U.S. states report safe levels of lead in their water supply. 
As Americans grow more and more concerned about the safety of their daily drinking water and daily water uses. Here are several ways you can personally make sure your home water is clean as well as help your community around you. The first thing you can personally do to help provide clean and safe water is to not flush non degradable products done the toilet. Some people feel that if they flush something down the toilet then it is gone forever. In reality if you flush daily household items like baby wipes or paper towels they can end up on nearby beaches or other water systems. The same idea goes for the sink as well. Everyday household  chemical cleaning products poured down the sink can put toxic ingredients found in these products into our water supply. Toxins such as sodium hypochlorite and ammonia can be found to in these products and can be very harmful if found in other peoples water. Several ways of saving water starts with using the dishwasher more. On average the dishwasher uses up to 3 gallons of water per load versus, on average, twenty-seven gallons of water per load by hand. Another way of saving water is to shower with a bucket, this might sounds strange and unusual at first but this trick will save you thousands of gallons per month and assure you are using your water effectively and in a safe way that helps everyone. 


A Lack of Global Wastewater Treatment Affects Everyone

For those living in countries like the United States, Japan, and the United Kingdom, the destination of our wastewater is not so much as an afterthought. For approximately 1.8 billion people in the world, the untreated water they utilize contains feces¹. Being that such a large population of people were affected by unclean water, it makes sense that the United Nations made wastewater the theme for the 2017 World Water Day.

"Why should we care about waste water?" you might ask. If the amount of people utilizing feces-tainted water and the fact that 289,000 children under 5 die each year due to diarrhoeal diseases² caused by poor water and sanitation doesn't alarm you, then the fact that water is a finite resource should. Even a country as industrialized and advanced as the initially mentioned only top out at about 70% recycled water. That number drops all the way to 8% for those living in the most destitute nations. As a resource that everyone needs to survive, creating sustainability in countries is vital to ensuring that the most precious resource we have, is conserved.

In areas where water is particularly scare, the lack of water treatment also makes agriculture even more of a struggle. Often, this tainted water  is still used for farming which becomes a health concern for not only the farmers in the fields, but consumers of the produced goods. As a reader, you may very well be ingesting these food items being that many food items have to be imported.

Access to clean water is an issue that effects everyone on some level. Do you part in this global endeavor through saving a child's life by clicking here. 



Population Explosions and Their Effect on Water Supply

As a country already plagued with poor access to proper sanitation and sewage, Kenya is currently grappling with how to catch up to the demands of their exploding population. Currently, 37% of Kenyans¹ still rely upon naturally occurring water sources (ponds, rivers, etc) for their daily needs. With a population that is expected by the United Nations to grow at a million per year, water accessibility solutions will need to pace in a manner similar to the long-distance running that the country is known for.

Blocking the road to progress are the struggling public water service providers where according to water.org¹, "only 9 out of 55 public water service providers provide continuous water supply". Not only does the lack of plumbing infrastructure making change slow, but the existing pollutants in urban water sources make starting fresh difficult.

According to Dr. Daniel Ichang'I of the University of Nairobi, "The main sources of river water pollution are industrial discharge, sewage, seepage from waste sites and illegal solid and liquid wastes disposal."².

With 10,000 people controlling approximately 62% of the wealth in Kenya, those with economic power are far removed from the conditions that their factories and industrial connections affect³.

 A large campaign to overhaul Kenya's sewage and sanitation infrastructure is desperately needed to prepare for the exponential growth coming in the next 25 years. In the meantime, contributions from relief organizations such as water.org are imperative to the survival of affected citizens, especially children.



Unclean Water is a World Health Concern

While people from all regions of the world learn in one way or another that unclean water is dangerous to drink, the actual health effects are not nearly as well-known to those living in areas with access to clean water. The many pathogens and chemicals present in non-potable water can affect your health in ways as minor as nausea and cramping or as dramatic as "blue baby syndrome" and diarrhea².

 Many people think of vas something incurred from certain fast food restaurants remedied with some water and bland food, but for those without access to clean water, the effects are far scarier and cyclical. In fact, the World Health Organization found diarrhoeal disease to be the fifth largest cause of death (2.18 million) in the world in 2000¹. A statistic shocking to those living in the first world, it's a morbid concern in many countries. This is because diarrhea often stems from drinking water tainted with bacteria. Upon ingesting these bacteria, our body becomes negatively affected and through a combination of bacterial infection and immune system response, we attempt to vacate the water through vomiting or diarrhea. We then have not processed the water and continue to be dehydrated. Without a properly clean source of water, the citizens enter a cycle of ingesting tainted water as they are literally dying of thirst and exacerbate their gastrointestinal symptoms.

This is a scary statistic, but is not one without remedy. Advances in accessibility solutions, clean water education, and through a global relief effort, diarrhoeal disease has dropped not only in the millions of deaths (to 1.39 million), but also by ranking (8). With a difference of 800,000 people, that's akin to saving the lives of every citizen in the entire country of Bhutan. Water pollution is a global epidemic attributed to and preventable by the global population.


The Impact of Water Scarcity

Those of us that have access to on-demand clean water, rarely think about what it would be like to have to fetch potable water yourself. Nor do we fear the means by which we transport it. Consider what it would be like to transport water for your daily drinking, rinsing and bathing needs from your nearest fresh water source. This is daily life for citizens of rural Kenya, where women and children may spend up to one-third of their day finding and returning fresh water¹. In the video below you'll find a village where the women spend eleven hours to find water. Not only do the African temperatures create a heat exhaustion problem, but predators and waterborne illnesses add to this treacherous daily chore.

The economic position of Kenya make proper plumbing and piping a financial improbability and the geography of the region further increases the difficulty. Rivers and lakes in the country are not equally spread among the region. These naturally occurring fresh water sources are primarily centered near the nation's borders, leaving large pockets without water in the central and northern regions.

Until Kenya is able to seek financial stability, it is up to global relief organizations,such as water.org and the water project, as well as volunteers from any region, to provide accessibility solutions. Often, the containers used for water transport tend to have other primary uses so even if the water fetched were to be pathogen and parasite free, lingering particles in the containers can taint the supply.

The time, energy, and health investment for water retrieval that is not even truly clean is too high of a toll for many of the worlds's citizens.

1: https://thewaterproject.org/water-crisis/water-in-crisis-kenya

Is GDP A Detrimental Way to Determine the Success of A Nation?


GDP is a tool of measurement used by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank to measure the wellbeing of nations. GDP compiles the value of all final goods and services produced or traded for money within a given period of time. This includes money spent on oil drilling, logging, and war. It includes money made from processes that release dangerous toxins; it includes money spent on mass incarceration and unhealthy food; it includes money spent to build oil pipelines and to drop bombs, and it includes money made from industries that dump pollutants into our rivers, streams, and oceans. A Boston University journal explains, “Economists have warned since its introduction that GDP is a specialized tool, and treating it as an indicator of general well-being is inaccurate & dangerous.”


We continue to measure national wellbeing with GDP because there has not been a great enough demand for a new scale of measurement. To create change, we have to be aware of the issue, we have to be aware of potential alternatives, and we have to take action.


Efforts to create Green GDPs “factor estimates for environmental degradation and depletion of natural resources”. The Genuine Savings, developed by the World Bank, factors in global damages from carbon emissions and considers the capital required for human society to thrive.

The Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI) seeks to correct the weaknesses of GDP measurement by factoring in the sustainability of income. A nation that has a high GDP from oil drilling will have a low GPI because income from oil drilling harms our environment. 

The Ecological Footprint accounts for the flow of energy and matter in and out of the human economy and the area of productive land and water required to support this flow. Subjective Well-Being seeks to measure people’s satisfaction in quality of life; it seeks to measure the extent to which human needs are being met.

A Google search of “alternative GDP measurements” will reveal several more schemes with goals of creating wellbeing measurements that reward planet-healing activities.

The nation of Bhutan has rejected the use of GDP as a measurement of national wellbeing since 1971. Instead, Bhutan measures Gross National Happiness.

Bhutan has pledged carbon neutrality and promises to leave 60% of its land under forest cover. The nation is founded on equitable social development, cultural preservation, conservation of the environment, and promotion of good governance. There is a national ban on export logging and an enforced pedestrian-only day every month.

Thakur Singh Powdvel, Bhutan's minister of education, explains, "GNH is an aspiration, a set of guiding principles through which we are navigating our path towards a sustainable and equitable society. We believe the world needs to do the same before it is too late.”

Bhutan’s belief that wellbeing should take precedence over material growth has created important changes over the last twenty years. Bhutan has doubled its life expectancy, enrolled almost 100% of its kids in primary school, and completely overhauled its infrastructure.

Powdvel explains, “it’s easy to mine the land and fish the seas and get rich. Yet we believe you cannot have a prosperous nation in the long run that does not conserve its natural environment or take care of the wellbeing of its people.”

When our measure of success rises in connection to detrimental activities like water pollution, we encourage economic activity even if it has dangerous consequences for our health. Isn’t it highly likely that we would have a cleaner and healthier planet, and cleaner and healthier water, if we adopted a new measure of national wellbeing that penalized harmful activity?

Do you think the world should adopt a measurement of national wellbeing like Bhutan’s measurement of Gross National Happiness? Would a new measurement of national wellbeing result in cleaner water? We’d love to hear your thoughts—please share them in the comments below!

Our project is working in harmony with water.org to provide access to safe water. We hope “to break the cycle of poverty”, “to protect and save lives”, and “to make a bright future possible for all”: Make A Difference Donation


Clean Water and the Need for Sanitation

Image result for clean water and sanitation

There are many people in our World today  that do not have access to clean water because proper sanitation infrastructure  does not exist where they live and work. Some of the Countries include rural Pakistan, places in Africa, India and many other communities around the World. Plumbing, showers and septic tanks are some of the things that they do not have access to. It is hard to imagine that these basic necessities can not be accessed by everyone when the majority of people in developed countries use them everyday. Diseases that we have not seen for decades are common like Polio and Cholera which are waterborne diseases that  thrive in the population when waste is able to mix with clean drinking water. Populations effected have to worry about their loved ones contracting these disease daily. They can lead to severe dehydration, diarrhea and of course death.

According to the World Health Organization we can improve access to clean water and sanitation by:
  • Enabling the environment 
  • Understanding financial data
  • Having sustainable development goals 
Image result for clean water and sanitation To achieve good sanitation around the World we can work together to:
  • Construct septic tanks 
  • install Pumps & Pipes 
  • Educate individuals and communities on good hygiene practices 


Vulnerable Water Supply in Times of Revolution

From 1933 to 1974, Portugal languished under the nationalist authoritarian regime of the Estada Novo (New State), a highly conservative and controlling dictatorship that was obsessed with maintaining its colonies in Africa and repressing economic growth and religious freedom in the country, using secret police and prisons to stamp out dissent and control the population. In 1974, the left-wing leaning military marched on the government in Portugal's capitol of Lisbon. They quickly gained the support of the civilian population who marched in the streets with them, and were able to topple the Estada Novo from power without any bloodshed or violence. To symbolize this, at the end of the day they filled their rifle barrels and uniforms with freshly bloomed carnation blossoms, and the day came to be known in history as the Carnation Revolution.

However, the country's transformation from authoritarianism to democracy was hardly a rosy one, and the tumultuous transition took a toll on the country's drinking water supply. Although things were certainly not optimal during the regime itself, access to water services and technologies were poor during the years of provincial governments that followed the fall of the Estada Novo. As the government focused on rebuilding and reunifying the country, municipal wastewater was being discharged back into the lakes and rivers without any treatment, and a great deal of the population had no access to drinkable water. It was not until 1986 with Portugal's entry into the European Community, a precursor to the European Union, that Portugal began a long road to improving its water quality to what it is today by having to meet the EU's strict water quality standards.

Portugal's history is an example of how vulnerable a country's water supply can be during political turmoil and regime change. When a country finds itself in the midst of revolution, clean water can often become an afterthought.