The unknowns of fracking

By PSU EcoMerge Capstone - 4:50 PM

Fracking is one method of methane extraction. Fracking is done by piping high pressure water and chemicals substances deep into the earth. There is a lot of obfuscation of the true effects and cost of fracking. However, fracking is treated like pre 90's tobacco in the regards of the related companies actively attempt to suppress stories and media that portray fracking in a negative light.

There are many negative effects to fracking. The methane gas and toxic chemicals utilized when fracking can spill from the well underground. This causes the toxic liquid to seep into nearby water supplies, which has catastrophic effects on the environment and human life. The fracking process requires 8 million gallons of water per fracking instance.

The water that is pumped into the ground, enters the earth. Since the water is now trapped below ground, it cannot evaporated, and is removed from the the natural cycle and environment. This has serves to exacerbate droughts in areas such as as Arkansas, California, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah, Texas and Wyoming, that already suffer from severe water shortages. There is little research on the long term effects of using such massive amounts of water from the environment. However, if it does escape by seeping to the surface, it is deadly.

Many issues such as the Aliso Canyon Southern California Gas incident take place due to neglect or regulation. The Aliso Canyon incident was caused by a valve that had been known that needed to be replaced. However that part was “difficult to find” so it remained faulty until the accident broke it entirely.

It is clear that fracking is underrated. That the effects that it has on the ecology and life need to be studied.



Learn more at http://methaneeducation.weebly.com/

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