Posttraumatic Stress in Aging World War II

Inge Bramsen, Henk M. van der Ploeg, and Maarten Boers VU University Medical Center
Journal of Traumatic Stress, Apr2006, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p291-300; , 10p, 1 Chart, 1 Graph

Here is a great article I came across that was very informational.  Please take the time to understand the relationship between PTSD and fireworks.

Little is known about the effects of cumulative trauma and whether traumatized individuals are more vulnerable. In 2000, a fireworks disaster created the possibility to examine this issue among WorldWar II survivors who were part of an ongoing longitudinal study. Between 1998 and 2000 posttraumatic stress increased in disaster exposed respondents as opposed to the control group.War-related reexperiencing and avoidance also increased. The strongest increase occurred in disaster-exposed respondents who had low levels of wartime stress and a slight decrease occurred in those who had high wartime exposure. This unique controlled observation suggests that disasters do increase the levels of posttraumatic stress, and that reactivation of previous traumatic events generally occurs. However, the vulnerability hypothesis was not supported.

Posted by: Jennifer Mount