What is Water Erosion?

By PSU EcoMerge Capstone - 4:38 PM


Water erosion is the detachment and removal of soil material by water. The process may be natural or accelerated by human activity. The rate of erosion may be very slow to very rapid, depending on the soil, the local landscape, and weather conditions.

Water erosion wears away the earth’s surface. Sheet erosion is the more-or-less uniform removal of soil from the surface. Rill and gully erosion occurs when concentrated runoff cuts conspicuous channels into the soil. Deposition of the sediment removed by erosion is likely in any area where the velocity of running water is reduced—behind plants, litter, and rocks; in places where slope is reduced; or in streams, lakes, and reservoirs.



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