Plastic waste is a global issue

By PSU EcoMerge Capstone - 2:24 PM

Plastic is a general term used to describe many different materials that have very different chemical compositions. Even though the use of plastics cuts down on carbon emissions and space in landfills if it is not properly disposed of the affects are detrimental to a vast array of species all around the world. A paper published in Science magazine in February 2015 estimated the amount of garbage getting into the ocean from mismanaged waste disposal around the world. Here is the list of the estimated top twenty countries responsible for plastic pollution  in the ocean due to mismanaged waste:

RankCountryEcon.
classif.
Coastal pop.
[millions]
Waste gen.
rate
[kg/ppd]
% plastic
waste
% mismanaged
waste
Mismanaged
plastic
waste
[MMT/year]
% of total
mismanaged
plastic
waste
Plastic
marine
debris
[MMT/year]
1ChinaUMI262.91.1011768.8227.71.32–3.53
2IndonesiaLMI187.20.5211833.2210.10.48–1.29
3PhilippinesLMI83.40.515831.885.90.28–0.75
4VietnamLMI55.90.7913881.835.80.28–0.73
5Sri LankaLMI14.65.17841.595.00.24–0.64
6ThailandUMI26.01.212751.033.20.15–0.41
7EgyptLMI21.81.3713690.973.00.15–0.39
8MalaysiaUMI22.91.5213570.942.90.14–0.37
9NigeriaLMI27.50.7913830.852.70.13–0.34
10BangladeshLI70.90.438890.792.50.12–0.31
11South AfricaUMI12.92.012560.632.00.09–0.25
12IndiaLMI187.50.343870.601.90.09–0.24
13AlgeriaUMI16.61.212600.521.60.08–0.21
14TurkeyUMI34.01.7712180.491.50.07–0.19
15PakistanLMI14.60.7913880.481.50.07–0.19
16BrazilUMI74.71.0316110.471.50.07–0.19
17BurmaLI19.00.4417890.461.40.07–0.18
18*MoroccoLMI17.31.465680.311.00.05–0.12
19North KoreaLI17.30.69900.301.00.05–0.12
20United StatesHIC112.92.581320.280.90.04–0.11


We share the ocean. Don't ruin it for everyone.

References:

Jambeck JR, Geyer R, Wilcox C, et al. Marine pollution. Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science. 2015;347(6223):768-71.

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